What is a List?
Lists are collections of data that are surrounded by brackets [ ] and each item in the list is separated by commas.
What can be in a list?
Strings, numbers, booleans, even other lists can be items in a list. Lists are ordered and mutable (changeable). This means that lists can be sorted and changed. The way we can change lists is through list methods.
They are many easy to use methods that can help us make sense of lists in Python
These quick and easy to use methods are great for editing and analyzing lists
append() Adds an element at the end of the list
clear() Removes all the elements from the list
copy() Returns a copy of the list
count() Returns the number of elements with the specified value
extend() Add the elements of a list to the end of the current list
index() Returns the index of the first element with the specified value
insert() Adds an element at the specified position
pop() Removes the element at the specified position
remove() Removes the first item with the specified value
reverse() Reverses the order of the list
sort() Sorts the list
Example of using the insert() method
Syntax: list.insert(index, index)toppings = ['pepperoni', 'sausage', 'mushroom']toppings.insert(1, 'onion')
--> ['pepperoni', 'onion', 'sausage', 'mushroom']